Thai Day of Peace, the Day against Wars

Seri Thai / Photo: sarakadee.com

Seri Thai / Photo: sarakadee.com

Thai Day of Peace is the day to commemorate the bravery of the Free Thai Movement Network or “Seri Thai” led by Thai political activist and intellect Pridi Banomyong during the 2nd World War.

Earlier, Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, then Prime Minister had signed an agreement with Japan and the Axis to make a war declaration against the US, the Great Britain, and the Allies on 25 January 1942. The Thai Government was obligated by the agreement to allow Japanese troops to march through the country and used military bases in Thailand to strike the Allies’ possessions in the region. Disagreeing with the Thai Government’s decisions, Mr Pridi built up the anti-Japanese underground Free Thai Movement Network in Thailand to establish contact with the Allies. The network secretly opposed the Thai Government under the leadership of Field Marshal Plaek and Japan’s movements in Thailand.

After the war ended, Mr Pridi, as the Regent for King Ananda Mahidol (King Rama VIII) when the young monarch was studying in Switzerland, declared peace and nullified all agreements with Japan by Field Marshal Plaek on 16 August 1945.

This honorable action is a landmark in the Thai history. It has set an example for the next Thai generations in protesting against all types of wars and threats to the national peace and sovereignty. Hence, the Cabinet of the Thai Government on 6 June 1995 endorsed 16 August of every year as the Thai Day of Peace ever since.

Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn gave a royal speech on 16 August 1995 on the Seri Thai’s declaration made by Mr Pridi. She stated that peace did not mean doing nothing but it was love and benevolent acts for other human fellows and the environment. She said peace was the great mission of humanity which could be achieved by sacrificing and contributing for other people’s happiness.

The Thai Day of Peace commemorates all bids against wars was well as threats to peace and sovereignty of the nation. Apart from cultivating peace, the day is a good opportunity for all Thais to make the international community know that Thailand has a strong will create peace in the world.

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